Trabajo, utilidad y verdad: la influencia de las técnicas y tecnologías de investigación operativa en la conformación de los precios comerciales y su impacto en las teorías del valorun análisis comparado desde la teoría del cierre categorial

  1. Santiago Armesilla Conde
Supervised by:
  1. Diego Guerrero Jiménez Director

Defence university: Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Year of defence: 2014

  1. Carlos Berzosa Chair
  2. Cristina García Fernández Secretary
  3. Juan Pablo Mateo Tomé Committee member
  4. José Andrés Fernández Leost Committee member
  5. Vicente Caballero de la Torre Committee member
  1. Economía Aplicada, Pública y Política

Type: Thesis


Based on previous manufacturing techniques, can be developed technologies and disciplines as the natural and formal sciences, as well as the so-called "social sciences". The historical development and goal of these techniques, technologies and sciences has allowed, in turn, shape the field of Political Economy that, while it cannot be equalize to the fields of natural sciences, it have made possible for certain stretches of this economic field to achieve a high degree of scientificity. Due to its importance, we analyze the production of goods and services, thanks to the implementation of the operational research on the economic field as a more refined and accurate contemporary manifestation of these technical, technological and scientific developments. The application of these technologies on various areas of the relations of have a greatly influence on the price of goods, and the study of the same in the field of microeconomics requires taking into account the objective, concrete, and historical development of these technologies, because it leads us to a comparative analysis of the two more historically important theories of value that have tried to explain this conformation: the theory of marginal utility and the theory of the labor-value. The comparative analysis of both value theories is not purely economic, because in the weaving together between technologies and sciences also can be dislodged philosophical ideas. Our research is a "interdisciplinary" analysis between microeconomics, economic theory, sociology, political theory and philosophy. We have chosen the theory of the categorial closure, the philosophy of science of the philosophical materialism of spanish philosopher Gustavo Bueno that is inseparable from the rest of his philosophy, as a tool of analysis by the absence of prior researches on this issue from this philosophical perspective and because this theory of the categorical closure assume a basic premise: that all scientific disciplines are based on previous developed techniques and technologies.