Autodiscrepancias y relaciones interpersonales en la adolescencia

  1. Bragado Alvarez, Carmen
  2. Sánchez Bernardos, María Luisa
  3. Martín Rey, S.
  4. Quiroga Estévez, María Ángeles

ISSN: 0214-9915

Year of publication: 2004

Volume: 16

Issue: 4

Pages: 582-586

Type: Article

More publications in: Psicothema


Self-discrepancies and interpersonal relationships in adolescence. The Self-Discrepancy Theory (Higgins, 1987) has become very fruitful when it is applied to adulthood, but there is a paucity of studies dealing with this theory and adolescence even though it is a suitable period of growth for different selves. The aim of the present study is to analyze the relationships among Actual/Ideal and Actual/Social Self-Discrepancies and some interpersonal variables. The results show that these adolescents were more Ideal than Actual and that the Actual-Ideal discrepancy magnitude was associated with a lack of compromise and self-sufficiency. On the other hand, when Real/Social discrepancy is closer to the Social Self no specific interpersonal characteristics emerge. However, when it is closer to the Real Self, a pattern of hostility and lack of confidence in others appears. The discussion deals with these results and new directions for research.

Bibliographic References

  • Assor, A. y Tzelgov, J. (1987). Self-Ideal Discrepancies as Indicators of Self-Derogation and Enhancement: Formalization of Theoretical Claims and a Method for Assessment. Journal of Personality Assessment, 51, 532-544.
  • Bruch, M.A., Rivet, K.M. y Laurent, H.J. (2000). Type of self-discrepancies and relationships to components of the tripartite model of emotion distress. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 37-44.
  • Campbell, J.D., Assanand, S. y Di Paula, A. (2003). The structure of the Self-concept and its relation to psychological adjustment. Journal of Personality, 71, 115-140.
  • Caspi, A., Elder, G.H. y Bem, D.J. (1987). Moving against the world: Life-course patterns of explosive children. Developmental Psychology,23, 308-313.
  • Caspi, A., Elder, G.H. y Bem, D.J. (1988). Moving away from the world: life courser patterns of shy children. Developmental Psychology, 24, 824-813.
  • Coolidge, F.L. (2000). Horney-Coolidge Type Indicator: Manual. University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.
  • Coolidge, F.L., Moor, C.J., Yamazaki, T.G., Stewart, S.E. y Segal, D.L. (2001). On the relationship between Karen Horney´s tripartite neurotic type theory and personality disorder features. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 1.387-1.400.
  • Epstein, S. (1991). Cognitive-experimental self theory: Implications for developmental psychology. En M.R. Gunnar y L.A. Sroufe (Eds.), Self processes and development: The Minnesota Symposia on Child Development (Vol. 23, pp. 111-137). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Gerstman, E.A. (1999). Impostor phenomenon: A test of basic assumptions. The Sciences and Engineering, 59, 44-62.
  • Goldberg, L.R. (1990). An alternative «description of personality»: The Big-Five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1.216-1.229.
  • González Barrón, R., Montoya Castilla, I., Casullo, M.M. y Bernabeu Verdú, J. (2002). Relación entre estilos y estrategias de afrontamiento y bienestar psicológico en adolescentes. Psicothema, 14, 363-368.
  • Harter, S. (1999). The Construction of the Self. A Development Perspective. New York, Guilford Press.
  • Herrero, O., Ordóñez de la Rosa, F., Salas Ballesteros, A. y Colom, R. (2002). Adolescencia y comportamiento antisocial. Psicothema, 14, 340-343.
  • Higgins, E.T. (1987). Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94, 319-340.
  • Higgins, E.T. (1989). Continuities and discontinuities in self-regulatory and self-evaluative processes: A developmental theory relating self and affect. Journal of Personality, 57, 407-444.
  • Higgins, E.T., Bond, R.N., Klein, R. y Strauman, T. (1986). Self-discrepancies and emotional vulnerability: How magnitude, accessibility and type of discrepancy influence affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1-15.
  • Inglés Saura, C.J., Méndez Carrillo, F.X. e Hidalgo Montesinos, M.D. (2000). Cuestionario de evaluación de dificultades interpersonales en la adolescencia. Psicothema, 12, 390-398.
  • Katzko, M.W. (2003). Unity versus multiplicity: A conceptual analysis of the term «Self» and its use in personality theories. Journal of Personality, 71, 83-114.
  • Kinderman, P. y Bentall, R.P. (1996). Self-discrepancies and persecutory delusions: evidence for a model of paranoid ideation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 111-122.
  • Kinderman, P., Prince, S., Waller, G. y Peters, E. (2003). Self-discrepancies, attentional bias and persecutory delusions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 1-12.
  • Leary, M.R., Patton, K.M., Orlando, A.E. y Wagoner, F.W. (2000). The impostor phenomenon: Self-perceptions, reflected appraisals and interpersonal strategies. Journal of Personality, 68, 725-756.
  • Ortet, G., Ibáñez, M.I., Ruipérez, M.A., Sánchez, A. y Escrivá, P. (2003). Construction of a junior version of the NEO PI-R (NEO PIRJ): first results about its factor structure. 11th Biennale Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences. Graz.
  • Sánchez Bernardos, M.L. y Sanz, J. (1992). Effects of the discrepancy between self-concepts on emotional adjustment. Journal of Research in Personality, 26, 303-307.
  • Strauman, T. y Higgins, E.T. (1988). Self-discrepancies as predictors of vulnerability to distinct syndromes of chronic emotional distress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 685-707.
  • Veale, D., Kinderman, P., Riley, S. y Lambrou, C. (2003). Self-discrepancy in body dismorphic disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 157-169.