Situaciones estresantes cotidianas en la infancia y su relación con la sintomatología y la adaptación

  1. Mayelin Rey Bruguera 1
  2. Mª del Rosario Martínez Arias 2
  3. Isabel Calonge Romano 2
  1. 1 Hospital Ramón y Cajal

    Hospital Ramón y Cajal

    Madrid, España


  2. 2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    ROR 02p0gd045

Psicología conductual = behavioral psychology: Revista internacional de psicología clínica y de la salud

ISSN: 1132-9483

Year of publication: 2017

Volume: 25

Issue: 3

Pages: 483-502

Type: Article

More publications in: Psicología conductual = behavioral psychology: Revista internacional de psicología clínica y de la salud


En este trabajo se analizó la relación entre las situaciones estresantes cotidianas (SEC) y la sintomatología psicológica, exteriorizada e interiorizada, y la adaptación escolar, social y familiar en la infancia. El número de participantes fue de 552 (53,4% niños y 46,6% niñas), de entre 10 y 12 años (M= 10,91). Se comparó un grupo clínico de salud mental con un grupo comunitario. Se administraron autoinformes: “Escala de situaciones estresantes cotidianas en la infancia” (Children’s Hassles Scale, CHS), “Cuestionario de capacidades y dificultades” (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ-Cas), “Escala de depresión modificada” (Modified Depression Scale, MDS), “Cuestionario de adaptación escolar” y “Cuestionario de adaptación familiar”. Se registra una media de 11 SEC y seis vividas con malestar. Las SEC se relacionan con la presencia de sintomatología y una menor adaptación (p< 0,01), siendo mayor la asociación con los síntomas depresivos en el grupo clínico. Las SEC explican del 21 al 39% de la varianza de la sintomatología y entre el 5 y el 41% de la adaptación. Las SEC son relevantes para planificar estrategias de prevención e intervención en la infancia.

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