Investigadores en Pediatría y Neonatología rendimos homenaje a la Dra Virginia Apgar

  1. Eva Gesteiro 1
  2. Francisco José Sánchez-Muniz 2
  3. Sagrario Perea Ramos 3
  4. Manuel Espárrago Rodilla 4
  5. Sara Bastida Codina 2
  1. 1 Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    Madrid, España


  2. 2 Departamento de Nutrición y Ciencia de los Alimentos. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC) y Grupo Nutrición y Salud Cardiovascular, UCM, Madrid
  3. 3 Hospital Virgen de la Salud

    Hospital Virgen de la Salud

    Toledo, España


  4. 4 Hospital de Mérida

    Hospital de Mérida

    Merida, España

Journal of Negative and No Positive Results: JONNPR

ISSN: 2529-850X

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 4

Issue: 3

Pages: 387-397

Type: Article

DOI: 10.19230/JONNPR.2541 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Journal of Negative and No Positive Results: JONNPR


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  • Dialnet Metrics Cited by: 1 (24-09-2023)


This short article is a tribute to Doctor Virginia Apgar, one of the great unknown of Medicine. She contributed with her test for measuring vitality at birth to drastically reduce perinatal morbility and  mortality. The Apgar test evaluates five aspects: heart rate, breathing effort, reflexes, muscle tone and skin color at one minute and five minutes after birth. Nowadays, the Apgar test is applied in labor protocols all  over the world. A score <6 at the first minute of life implies the need for energetic resuscitation maneuvers. At 5 minutes of life, the Apgar index has prognostic value, and if the score is <7 indicates the possibility of neurological sequelae. The Apgar index is also used as a fetal distress marker. The paper ends by commenting on some data from the Area of Toledo, La Serena and Mérida studies, where members of  our group have found negative correlation between the Apgar test score, serum glucose and Apolipoprotein  B levels at birth. Future studies are needed to confirm the diagnostic value of this test for those marker alterations at birth. 

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