Oral and dental health status in patients with eating disorders in Madrid, Spain

  1. Pablo Garrido Martínez 1
  2. A.A. Domínguez Gordillo 2
  3. Rocío Cerero Lapiedra 3
  4. Miguel Burgueño García 4
  5. María José Martínez Ramírez 5
  6. Carmen Gómez Candela 6
  7. José Luis Cebrián Carretero 7
  8. G. Esparza Gómez 8
  1. 1 DDS, PhD. Department of Bucofacial Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Odontology, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  2. 2 DDS, PhD. Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of the Science, Faculty of Medicine, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3 MD, PhD. Department of Bucofacial Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Odontology, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  4. 4 MD, PhD. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain
  5. 5 MD, PhD. Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Universitario Jaén, Spain
  6. 6 MD, PhD. Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain
  7. 7 MD,DDS, PhD. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain
  8. 8 MD, PhD. Senior Professor. Department of Bucofacial Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Odontology, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Journal:
Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa

ISSN: 1698-6946

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 24

Issue: 5

Pages: 7

Type: Article

DOI: 10.4317/MEDORAL.23010 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa

Sustainable development goals

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to describe and compare the oral and dental health status of two groups, one diagnosed with eating disorders (EDs), and another group without this pathology, assessing the following oral manifestations: dental alterations, periodontal disorders, soft tissue disorders, non-stimulated salivary flow, and oral pH. This comparative transversal epidemiological study included 179 participants, of whom 59 were diagnosed with EDs (Eating Disorder Group: EDG) and 120 had no antecedents of EDs (No Eating Disorder Group: NEDG). All patients fulfilled the following inclusion criteria: women aged over 18 years, diagnosed with an ED by a specialist, patients who had undergone at least 1 year monitoring by the Clinical Nutrition Unit, and had not received any periodontal treatment during the previous 6 months. Both groups were homogeneous in terms of sex, age, education, and socioeconomic level. Oral exploration was performed, registering clinical variables, as well as sociodemographic and socioeconomic data, oral hygiene habits, and smoking. Statistical significance was established as p<0.05 (confidence level > 95%). The dental erosion (DE) was the most significative feature of dental alterations. The degree of DE was significantly greater in the EDG (p<0.001). A significant association between soft tissue lesions and EDs was found (p<0.001) A notable difference in non-stimulated salivary flow was found between the groups (p<0.001). No significant differences between the groups were found for periodontal status, dental caries, or oral hygiene practices. On the basis of the results obtained, it is necessary to carry out oral/dental examination as soon as an ED is diagnosed with regular check-ups thereafter.

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