What predicts retention on an in-prison drug treatment program?

  1. Casares López, María José 1
  2. González Menéndez, Ana 1
  3. Fernández García, Paula 1
  4. Secades Villa, Roberto 1
  5. Fernández Hermida, José Ramón 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Oviedo

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España

    ROR https://ror.org/006gksa02

The Spanish Journal of Psychology

ISSN: 1138-7416

Year of publication: 2012

Volume: 15

Issue: 3

Pages: 1349-1360

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5209/REV_SJOP.2012.V15.N3.39420 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: The Spanish Journal of Psychology


The effectiveness of treatments for substance use disorders is strongly related to retention, since early dropout from treatment is associated with greater likelihood of relapse. The purpose of this prospective, ex post facto study is to analyze the effect of individual variables on retention in a treatment program carried out in a prison drug-free unit. The Addiction Severity Index, motivation and personality profile of fifty inmates were assessed on entry to the prison. Inmates were monitored for a year to identify length of stay. Results: Motivation variables at intake play a vital role in the prediction of retention in a prison drug-free unit; scores on the Aggressive-Sadistic and Narcissistic scales are also strong predictors of treatment retention.

Funding information

This study was funded by the Fundación para el Fomento en Asturias de la Investigación Científica Aplicada y la Tecnología (FICYT, BP07-095 and IB05-042).

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