Espondilodiscitis en la Comunidad de Madrid

  1. B. Rubio Gribble
  2. Cristina Calvo Rey
  3. J. García Consuegra Molina
  4. L. Ciria Calabria
  5. María Luisa Navarro Gómez
  6. J. T. Ramos Amador
Journal:
Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría ( AEP )

ISSN: 1695-4033 1696-4608

Year of publication: 2005

Volume: 62

Issue: 2

Pages: 147-152

Type: Article

More publications in: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría ( AEP )

Metrics

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2005
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.18
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 156/248

Abstract

Introduction Spondylodiscitis is a relatively uncommon entity in infancy and childhood, with typical, although non-specific symptoms. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features at presentation and follow-up in patients diagnosed with spondylodiscitis in hospitals in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. Patients and methods All cases of spondylodiscitis diagnosed in children in the hospitals of La Paz, Niño Jesús, Gregorio Marañón, Severo Ochoa, Doce de Octubre and Getafe in Madrid were reviewed. Their clinical features, diagnostic tests, treatment and follow-up were analyzed. Results Twenty children with a mean age of 37 months were studied. The level of disc involvement was L5-S1 in six patients, L2-L3 in five, L3-L4 in four, C6-C7 in two, and D12-L1 in one. The mean time before diagnosis was 20 ± 16 days. The most frequent symptoms were gait disturbances, limping, or inability to remain seated. Eleven patients had low grade fever (< 38,5 °C). Other less specific symptoms were irritability, constipation and abdominal pain. All patients presented moderate leukocytosis without neutrophilia. The mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 60 ± 26. The most frequently used diagnostic tests were conventional spine radiographs, technetium-99m bone scan and magnetic resonance imaging. All patients received antibiotics; three received oral antibiotics only and the remaining patients received intravenous and oral antibiotics. The most frequently prescribed antibiotics were cefuroxime, cloxacillin and amoxicillin-clavulanate. The duration of treatment ranged between 3 and 8 weeks. All patients had a favorable outcome, although in eight, radiological sequelae were observed. Conclusions Spondylodiscitis is not exceptional in childhood and awareness of this entity among pediatricians should be increased.