Influencia del sustrato cenozoico en el origen y sedimentación de la laguna hiperalcalina de Caballo Alba (Segovia)

  1. Esther Sanz Montero 1
  2. J. Pablo Rodríguez-Aranda 2
  3. Pablo Del Buey 1
  1. 1 Dpto. Mineralogía y Petrología. Fac.Geológicas. UCM. C/ José Antonio Novais, 2. 28040-Madrid. Españ
  2. 2 IES Camilo José Cela. Av. Monte, 16. 28223-Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid). España. j

ISSN: 0213-683X

Year of publication: 2021

Issue Title: Comunicaciones presentadas en la LXX Sesión Científica / SGE-Virtual, 28 de mayo de 2021

Issue: 70

Pages: 27-30

Type: Article

More publications in: Geogaceta


SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2021
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.135
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: Geology Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 242/292

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2021
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.6
  • Area: Geology Percentile: 15


Caballo Alba is a highly alkaline and ephemeral lake located in a wetland area of the Duero basin (central Spain). The lake contains sodium chloride water and overlies Miocene marlstone deposits and Quaternary terraces. The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of the structure and lithology of the Cenozoic substrate in both the origin of the lake and mineralogy of the lake deposits. The origin and shape of Caballo Alba was controlled by NNW-SSE fractures affecting the substrate. These fractures provide the main pathways of groundwater to the lakes. Lacustrine deposits are comprised of clays and authigenic calcium, magnesium and sodium carbonates, and sulfates. The comparative analysis of the mineralogy between Miocene marls and lacustrine deposits reveals that authigenic smectites are also forming in the lake.