Las actitudes hacia la UE en el contexto de la crisisEspaña, 2007-2012

  1. Paradés Martín, Marta
  2. Mata López, Teresa
  3. Pérez-Nievas Montiel, Santiago
Journal:
Panorama social

ISSN: 1699-6852

Year of publication: 2013

Issue Title: La ciudadanía europea en la encrucijada

Issue: 17

Pages: 101-120

Type: Article

More publications in: Panorama social

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Abstract

La confianza de los españoles en la Unión Europea ha caído drásticamente entre 2007 y 20012. Pero este indicador de apoyo “específico” no debe confundirse con otros de apoyo “difuso”, como la intensidad de los sentimientos de identidad con Europa. El apoyo difuso, que constituye una reserva de lealtad institucional, muestra una tendencia más ambigua que el apoyo específico: en España, la identidad europea no parece tan afectada por la crisis como otras actitudes. Ahora bien, el descenso en los niveles de confianza en la Unión Europea puede tener, en el medio plazo, un efecto erosivo sobre los niveles de identidad europea. En este artículo se revisan y contrastan algunas explicaciones teóricas para dar cuenta de este fuerte descenso de la confianza en la Unión Europea. Los recursos educativos se revelan como una fuente importante de retención de confianza, así como también la percepción de que el funcionamiento institucional del propio país es peor que el de la Unión Europea.

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