Cruz y rayaun proyecto para la renovación del catolicismo español nacido en el Madrid de la Segunda República

  1. Álvaro de la Reina Delgado
Supervised by:
  1. Rubén Pallol Trigueros Director
  2. Javier Cervera Gil Director

Defence university: Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Fecha de defensa: 17 June 2021

  1. Elena Hernández Sandoica Chair
  2. José María López Sánchez Secretary
  3. José Ramón Rodríguez Lago Committee member
  4. María Teresa Santa María Fernández Committee member
  5. Julio de la Cueva Merino Committee member
  1. Historia Moderna e Historia Contemporánea

Type: Thesis


The modern Spanish catholicism has been usually depicted as a clearly reactionary cultural and political movement, contrary to every form of secularization and, in extent, declared enemy of modernity in all its main elements. The creation of Franco’s dictatorship, therefore, would be the consecution of decades of a political, social and cultural struggle. This doctoral thesis aims to colour this atmosphere, this narrative, with nuances, rescuing other possible alternatives for that catholicism, although they ended up failing. In other words, there were also places and catholic groups who defended a different approach, a more tolerant relationship with changes and new times. A singular example was Cruz y Raya, whose life took from 1933 to 1936, during the course of the Second Republic...