Spillovers de conocimiento, Políticas de I+D+I y desempeño de las empresas : evidencia de EspañaKnowledge Spillovers, R&D&I policy and Firm Performance : evidence from Spain

  1. Alex Javier Guerrero Picoita
Supervised by:
  1. Joost Heijs Director
  2. Elena Huergo Orejas Director

Defence university: Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Fecha de defensa: 05 May 2022

  1. Mikel Buesa Blanco Chair
  2. Alberto López Sebastian Secretary
  3. Abel Ernesto Lucena Pimentel Committee member
  4. Ester Martínez Ros Committee member
  5. José García Quevedo Committee member

Type: Thesis


The understanding, diffusion and absorption of technologies are fundamental in the knowledge-based economy, in contrast to neoclassical theory (Solow, 1956, 1957), endogenous theories (Romer, 1987, 1990; Grossman and Helpmann, 1991) and evolutionary (Nelson and Winter, 1982; Fagerberg, 1994) identify knowledge flows as a key factor in explaining economic growth. In this sense, it is essential to have a broad and committed innovative context that considers innovation as a long-term strategic investment to improve the competitiveness of companies instead of a short-term cost. Only in this way can a country or region generate innovation and productive systems capable of generating synergies based on learning in the form of overflow effects between companies where everyone wins in the long term. This thesis considers two main aspects of the literature. On the one hand, it focuses on the impact evaluation of public policies, analyzing the arguments that justify them and their effectiveness as a determinant of companies' effort in Research and Development (R&D). On the other hand, the concepts of learning and capacity building are incorporated into the analysis with particular attention to the role of cognitive and geographical proximity (Boschma, 2005). The thesis's main objective and the most significant challenge is the joint analysis of these two aspects, exploring how they interact and determine each other...