Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure to chlordimeform on serotonin levels in brain regions of adult’s male and female rats

  1. José Manuel García Sánchez 1
  2. María del Pilar Alias Martín 1
  3. María Teresa Frejo Moya 1
  4. María José Anadón Baselga 1
  5. Miguel Andrés Capó Martí 1
  6. Javier del Pino Sans 1
  1. 1 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    ROR 02p0gd045

Medicina balear

ISSN: 2255-0569

Year of publication: 2015

Volume: 30

Issue: 1

Pages: 21-26

Type: Article

More publications in: Medicina balear


Introduction: Formamidines pesticides have been described to induce permanent effects on development of monoaminergic neurotransmitters systems. The mechanisms that induce these effects are not known but it has been suggested that these effects could be related to monoamino oxidase (MAO) inhibition. Chlordimeform is a formamidine pesticide which is a very weak inhibitor of MAO although it has been also described to produce neurodevelopmental toxicity. Objectives and methods: The effects of maternal exposure to chlordimeform on brain region serotonin levels of male and female offspring rats at 60 days of age were evaluated. Maternal and offspring body weight, physical and general activity development were unaffected by the exposure of dams to chlordimeform (5 mg/kg bw, orally on days 6–21 of pregnancy and 1–10 of lactation). Male and female offspring were sacrificed at 60 days of age and possible alterations in the content and metabolism of 5-HT was determined in brain regions by HPLC. Results: The results showed that this neurotransmitter system was altered in a brain regional-related manner. In male and female offspring, chlordimeform induced a significant decrease in the striatum and prefrontal cortex 5-HT and its metabolite 5-HIAA levels. This effect was with statistical distinction of sex in the prefrontal cortex. In contrast, chlordimeform caused an increase in 5-HT and 5-HIAA content in the hippocampus in male and female offspring with sex interaction. Chlordimeform evoked increases in 5-HT turnover in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus from females and males respectively but evoked a decrease in these regions from males and females respectively. Conclusions: The present findings indicated that maternal exposure to chlordimeform altered serotonergic neurochemistry in their offspring in prefrontal cortex, striatum and hippocampus, and those variations show that other mechanisms different from MAO inhibition are implicated.