Planificación preparatoria digital en artroplastia total de cadera

  1. P. Andrés Cano 1
  2. J.A. Andrés García 2
  3. Francisco Chana Rodríguez 3
  4. Alberto D. Delgado Martínez 46
  5. Enrique Guerado Parra 5
  1. 1 Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío
    info

    Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío

    Sevilla, España

    ROR https://ror.org/04vfhnm78

  2. 2 Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar
    info

    Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar

    Cádiz, España

    ROR https://ror.org/040xzg562

  3. 3 Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón
  4. 4 Hospital Universitario de Jaén
    info

    Hospital Universitario de Jaén

    Jaén, España

    ROR https://ror.org/02ecxgj38

  5. 5 Hospital Universitario Costa del Sol
  6. 6 Universidad de Jaén
    info

    Universidad de Jaén

    Jaén, España

    ROR https://ror.org/0122p5f64

Revista:
Revista de la Sociedad Andaluza de Traumatología y Ortopedia

ISSN: 1578-9756

Año de publicación: 2019

Volumen: 36

Número: 3

Páginas: 9-28

Tipo: Artículo

Otras publicaciones en: Revista de la Sociedad Andaluza de Traumatología y Ortopedia

Resumen

La planificación preoperatoria de la artroplastia total de cadera es una fase fundamental para disminuir la incidencia de complicaciones y conseguir resultados clínicos consistentes y reproducibles. Gracias a la planificación preoperatoria, el cirujano puede identificar las dificultades quirúrgicas del paciente sobre las cuales es necesario actuar, permite anticipar instrumental o implantes específicos, facilita la comunicación y docencia entre compañeros y proporciona cobertura legal.La introducción de la radiología digital ha supuesto un verdadero avance en la evaluación radiográfica de los pacientes. Encontramos numerosas ventajas asistenciales, docentes e investiga-doras. Para realizar correctamente las técnicas de planificación preoperatoria en Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, así como para realizar diversas mediciones o colocar plantillas digitales, es necesario el uso de un software específico y conocer la magnificación de la radiografía. Para establecer la magnificación de la radiografía existen diversos sistemas de calibración como el uso de marcadores o la magnificación fija según la región anatómica a estudio.En este trabajo realizamos una revisión del estado actual de la planificación preoperatoria di-gital en la artroplastia de cadera, las ventajas que su realización de forma adecuada proporciona al cirujano y los recursos técnicos que son necesarios para poder realizarla de forma habitual en un servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología.

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